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DNA studies show that the Eurasian grape, or vitis vinifera, was most likely domesticated in the mountainous Near East extending from the northwestern Zagros Mountains (Iran and Iraq) to the eastern Taurus Mountains (southern Türkiye) as early as 7,000 BC.


Kalecik Karası (pronounced: Kah-le-djic-car-ah-ser with er as in British father) is an indigenous red grape varietal originating and named after the town of Kalecik, which is 65 km northeast of Ankara in Central Anatolia. The vineyards are at an altitude of 650 meters. Kalecik Karası grapes are mainly cultivated near the Kızılırmak River basin. Because there is a big difference between day and night temperatures, the grapes cultivated in Kalecik have a distinctive taste and aroma.


Hasandede (has-an-de-day), truly the ‘grandfather Hasan’, likely started in Kırıkkale close Türkiye capital Ankara. The medium-sized berries have thin-skins. They begin out shinning green but reach a brilliant green-yellow color with brown spots by full readiness.

Hasandede for the most part went to table grapes, juice, and pekmez (Turkish molasses) generation. When made into wine, Hasandede incorporates a semi-aromatic nose reminiscent of Muscat, medium body with medium to tall corrosive, and shows flavors of tree natural product (pears and quince particularly), in some cases stone natural product, citrus, natural product bloom, white blossoms, smoke, and cream. Wines are by and large light to medium in body with direct corrosiveness. Hasandede is utilized to create dry white and skin contact (golden) wines.


Öküzgözü (pronounced: Oh-cooz-goe-zue) is native to Eastern Anatolia. Öküzgözü derives its name from the fact that it has large, blackberries that resemble a bulls eye. It has fruit and floral flavours, makes a soft and easy to drink wines. Origin: Mid-Eastern Anatolia (Elazığ) Climate: The grape prefers cold winters and hot, dry summer seasons. At Elazığ and Malatya, the vineyards are 850-1100 metres high. Euphrates and two dams (Keban and Karakaya) built on it has changed the climate at the region, rendering harsh winters and dry hot summers somewhat mellower.


Boğazkere (pronounced: Bow-aahz-keh-reh) means throat burner. Boğazkere has very high dense tannins with medium acidity, similar to Tannat.
Origin: South East Anatolia (Diyarbakır)
Climate: The grape prefers hot and dry climates. and relatively higher altitudes. It is quite resistant to drought.
Soil: Decomposed sandstone to red clays.
Harvest: Middle October.



Narince (pronounced: Nah-rin-djeh meaning delicately in Türkiye) is a white grape originating from Tokat province in the Black Sea wine growing region.Origin: Mid-Black Sea Region (Tokat).

Primarily cultivated in Tokat along the Yeşilırmak River. Climate: The climate in Tokat, where the grape originates from, represents a shift in the climate between the Central Black Sea and the Inner Anatolian regions and is somewhat harsher at higher altitudes and in the southern areas of the province.

Soil: The soil is generally sandy-clay and gravelly.
Harvest: Mid-September